General information:,_Baja_California

Brief history of Ensenada

When the first European explorers discovered the region, the Yuman
Indians inhabited the region, of which tribal groups such as the
Kiliwa, Paipai and Kumiai still exist. These semi-nomadic indigenous
people lived in the bay area and interior valleys of the Sierra Juarez
and San Pedro Mártir.

Bahia Todos Santos, on which Ensenada now stands, was first reached by
sea by the Portuguese explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo on the vessels
El Salvador and Victoria. The city was founded September 17, 1542
under the name San Mateo. In 1602, while mapping the coast of
the Californias in search of safe harbors for returning Spanish
galleons from Manila to Acapulco, the city was renamed Ensenada de
Todos Santos by Sebastián Vizcaíno.

The first permanent settlement was established by the Jesuits during
the seventeenth or eighteenth century. After the expulsion of the
Jesuits in 1768, the Dominicans took over the representation of Europe
in what is now Ensenada. In 1805, José Manuel Ruiz Carillo obtained
permission to establish himself in Ensenada, being appointed governor
of Baja California and building in Ensenada a house that survived
until the final part of that century, despite being briefly taken by
William Walker, the self-declared “president” of the Republic of Lower
California, in 1853-54.

In 1882, Ensenada was designated the capital of Baja California, and
attempts at developing the area were made by the English Mexican Land
and Colonization Company. These were interrupted by the Mexican
Revolution, which left the area devastated. In 1915, the capital was
transferred to Mexicali, and in 1930 the population of Ensenada was
only 5,000.[6] During the early part of the twentieth century, the
city’s name was shortened from Ensenada de Todos Santos to Ensenada, a
change made in order to avoid confusion with Todos Santos in Baja
California Sur.

The twentieth-century development of Ensenada was assisted by
prohibition, which sent Americans and Canadians south of their border
in search of entertainment and alcohol, developing first Tijuana, then
Rosarito, and finally Ensenada as tourist destinations. The Hotel
Riviera del Pacífico was opened in 1930, briefly placing Ensenada on
the international glamor map and was visited several times by
President Miguel Aleman, international artists and political
personalities; yet unlike the Hotel del Coronado, it was never a
sustained success (despite giving rise to the claim that the Margarita
was invented there). It really flourished only in the early 1950s, at
which time Ensenada‘s population had risen to 20,000. The hotel
finally closed in 1964. It was later reopened as a cultural center and
museum.[6] By this time, other hotels had opened, and the population
and economy of Ensenada had grown and diversified towards their present status.

Valle de Guadalupe, source of Mexican wines

Valle de Guadalupe, source of Mexican wines

Ensenada have two national parks in the southeast. The Constitución de
1857 National Park (Sierra de Juarez) and San Pedro Martir, location
of the National Astronomic Observatory. Ensenada is renowned in pure
and applied scientific research, and the local government declared
Ensenada “City of knowledge”.
ha sido declarada por el ayuntamiento local como Ciudad del Conocimiento.


A number of prestigious Chefs from renowned gastronomy schools, have
been atracted to the city for the numerous unique marine species of
both the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortés or Gulf of California,
and the great quality of vegetables and produce from San Antonio de
las Minas and Valle de Guadalupe, the quality of extra virgen olive
oil and the outstanding wine.The gastronomy of the city now have a
disctint name. The concept of BajaMed is the combination of the
mediterranean climate in this Baja California. Numerous cooking tv
shows have broadcasted from Ensenada. Among the top ten street food in
the world Ensenada have the Fish Taco, as well as shrimp, clams,
oisters, abalon and sea urchin Tostadas. French and Italian cuisine
have collaborated to the Baja fusion cuisine,  The famous Margarita
drink is a creation of a local bartender.

Unique cuisine

Unique cuisine

From December to March it is possible the whale sighting in the Todos
los Santos bay.

Wale sightings

Wale sightings

Sessions: The academic activities will be carried out in the Centro de
Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE)

CICESE is the largest SEP/CONACyT research center in Mexico, with 20
graduate programs registered in the Padron Nacional de Excelencia
(PNPC), all national and foreign students enrolled in a PNPC graduate
program are entitled to a scholarship covering both tuition and
expenses. The CICESE have a population of some 1200 students and 400
researchers. The center have the fastest internet connection in Mexico
to the supercomputer center of the University of California in San
Diego, all videconferences of SEP/CONACyT research centers are
controlled from CICESE. Top research is done in life sciences,
computer science, optics, electronics, applied physics, oceanography
and earth sciences. The Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)
has a small campus sharing facilities with CICESE and just accross the
highway the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California have a large
campus offering mathematics and computer science degrees.


This is the largest CONACyT research center in Mexico